Black Magic (SIHR)

Black Magic (SIHR)

Evidence from the Qur'an and Sunnah to prove that Black Magic exists

Allah (SWT) says:

“And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Sulaiman (AS) but it was not Sulaiman who disbelieved, but it was the devils who disbelieved; Teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, “We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic].” And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah. And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew.” (Al-Baqarah: 102)

"And they said: 'No matter what sign you bring us with which to bewitch us, we will not be believers in you.'” (Al-A’raf: 132)

"And when they had thrown, Moses said: 'What you have brought is [only] magic. Indeed, Allah will expose its worthlessness. Indeed, Allah does not amend the work of corrupters.'" (Yunus: 81)

"Say: 'I seek refuge in the Lord of daybreak. From the evil of that which He created. And from the evil of darkness when it settles. And from the evil of the blowers in knots. And from the evil of an envier when he envies.'" (Al-Falaq: 1-5)

Narrated from Abdullah ibn Umar (RAA); Two men came from the East and addressed the people who wondered at their eloquent speech. On that Allah's Messenger ﷺ said: “Some eloquent speech is as effective as Magic.” (Bukhari)

Narrated from Aisha (RAA); “A man known as Labid ibn al-A’sam from the tribe of Banu Zurayq performed magic on Allah’s Messenger ﷺ until Allah’s Messenger ﷺ started imagining that he had done something which he had not really done. One day or one night while he was with me, he invoked Allah (SWT) for a long period and then said, ‘O Aisha! Do you know that Allah has instructed me concerning the matter I have asked him about? Two men came to me and one of them sat near my head and the other near my feet. One of them said to his companion, ‘What is it that pains this man?’ The other replied, ‘He is under the effect of Matbob’. The first one asked, ‘Who did it?’ The other replied, ‘Labid Ibn Al-A’sam.’ The first one asked, ‘What material did he use?’ The other replied, ‘A comb and the hairs stuck to it and the pollen of a male date palm.’ The first one asked, ‘Where is that?’ The other replied, ‘That is in the well of Daman!” So Allah’s Messenger ﷺ along with some of his companions went there and returned saying, ‘O Aisha, the colour of its water is like the infusion of henna leaves and the tops of the date-palm trees near it are like the heads of the devils.’ I asked, ‘O Allah’s Messenger? Why don’t you show it (to the people)?’ He said, ‘Since Allah (SWT) has cured me, I would not like to let evil spread amongst the people.’ Then he ordered that the well be filled up with earth.” (Bukhari & Muslim)

According to Al Mu’tazilah, they have rejected the above Hadith on the grounds that it would undermine the status of Prophethood and cast doubt over its authenticity. They say accepting this Hadith and the likes of it would weaken the credibility of Islamic Law. They gave as an example that when the Prophet ﷺ said Jibreel (AS) had come to him, they said he had only imagined him coming and that he had only imagined the divine inspiration. According to Al Mazari, this is completely untrue because the proof of the Message which is the miracle of receiving divine Inspiration is indicative of the Prophet's truthfulness and his infallible character in conveying the message. Therefore, believing in something that has been invalidated by evidence is wrong. (Zaad Al Muslim: 4/221)

According to Abu Al-Janki Al Yousifi, the Prophet’s ﷺ illness which was a result of the effect of sihr done to him, did not affect the status of his Prophethood. This is because illness without any delirious effect in this life befell the Messengers at large and would even increase their status in the next life. Therefore, the fact that Prophet ﷺ imagined, as a result of the illness caused by sihr, that he had done something of life’s daily routine activities which he had not done and the fact that he completely recovered from the illness with the support of Allah (SWT), who revealed the site where the sihr was buried, means the message would not be affected by this at all as it was an illness like any other. In reality, the sihr did not affect his reasoning but only his perception. The Prophet ﷺ imagining touching one of his wives which he didn't actually do, such acts of imagination are not harmful to a person’s health.

Abu Hurairah (RAA) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said: “Avoid the seven deadly sins.” People asked, ‘What are they?’ The Prophet ﷺ replied, “Shirk (polytheism), Sihr (Magic), unlawful killing of a person, living on money from usury, usurping an orphan’s wealth, retreating at the time of Jihad and accusing an innocent married women of fornication.” (Bukhari & Muslim)

On the basis of the above Hadith, the Prophet ﷺ warned that sihr must be avoided as it is one of the most serious sins, and this is enough of an evidence to prove that it exists.

Abdullah ibn Abbas (RAA) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said: “A person who has acquired knowledge of one of the sciences of Astrology, has acquired knowledge of one of the branches of sihr. The more his knowledge of Astrology is enriched the more expansive his knowledge of sihr becomes.” (Abu Dawood & Ibn Maajah)

In this Hadith, the Prophet ﷺ refers to Astrology as one of the branches of learning sihr and therefore it is upon the Muslims to shun it. This Hadith is also an evidence to show that sihr is a real science that can be learnt. Further evidence can be seen in the following verse: “And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Sulaiman (AS) but it was not Sulaiman who disbelieved, but it was the devils who disbelieved. Teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, “We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic].” And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah. And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if only they knew.” (Al-Baqarah: 102)

It is therefore clear from the above verse and Hadith that sihr is a science like other sciences, having its own fundamentals. Nevertheless, the Qur’an and Sunnah condemn the learning of sihr.

Imran ibn Husayn (RAA) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said, “He is not one of us who practices “Tatayyur” (ominousness) or has it done for him; who practices “Takahhun” (soothsaying) or has it done for him or who practices “Sihr” (magic) or has it done for him. Whosoever has sought the services of a soothsayer and believed in what he has come with has in fact disbelieved in the Message sent upon Muhammad ﷺ.” (Al-Haythami stated in Al-Majma’ (5/20), Al-Bazar and the chain of transmission includes authorities which fulfil the requirements of transmitting authentic traditions)

The Prophet’s ﷺ warning against practicing soothsaying, magic or ominousness is again proof of its existence otherwise the Prophet ﷺ wouldn't have warned against it.

Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari (RAA) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said, “He who drinks alcohol regularly, believes that the power of magic to harm an individual is independent of Allah’s intervention or severs relations with one’s kin will not enter Paradise.” (Ibn Hibban)

The evidence for magic existing from the above Hadith again lies in the Prophet’s ﷺ warning against believing in the power of sihr to affect an individual independently of Allah’s intervention.

Black Magic (SIHR)

The literal meaning of Black Magic is to make something appear in a form other than its real one. Magic occurs when a Magician, Sorcerer, Soothsayer etc makes falsehood appear to be true or makes something appear differently to people in other than its true form.

The technical meaning of black magic is anything of which the cause is hidden and which appears in a form other than its real one with the intention to distort the reality of things and deceive. There has been a huge difference of opinion among the scholars because of its nature so the definitions vary widely. However, black magic is anything that the cause of which is hidden and which appears in a form other than its real one with the intention to distort the reality of things and deceive.

There has been a wide difference of opinion among the scholars of fiqh, jurists and other scholars because of its nature, so the definition varies widely. Sihr is anything that the cause of which is hidden, and which appears in a form other than its real one, with the intention to distort the reality of things and deceive. Al Badawi said what is meant by sihr is that one seeks to be close with Shaytaan to achieve what man cannot accomplish by himself. Not just anybody can achieve this goal of acquiring the knowledge of magic, the soul of the person has to be as evil as Shaytaan. The knowledge of witchcraft is based on certain jewels and numbers, looking at star signs, astrology and taking objects and picture of the person and applying them at the correct time and words of evil and immorality are used. In this he seeks satanic help, and this is the way the person is afflicted in a strange way, which cannot be explained to the mind of man. This is against the laws of Islam. Sihr is made up of the effects of evil spirits and the reaction of the soul whether it be weak or strong to combat the force. The Hanbali’s say sihr is knots, speaking spells, writing, and acts that effects a person heart, body, or mind indirectly.

Al Badawi (RA) said what is meant by back magic is that one seeks to be close to the Shaytaan in order to achieve that which man cannot accomplish by himself. Not anyone can achieve the goal of acquiring the knowledge of magic; the soul of the person has to be evil and wicked as Shaytaan. The knowledge of witchcraft is based on certain jewels and numbers, looking at star signs, astrology and taking objects and pictures of a person and then applying them at the correct time along with words of evil and immorality. In this he seeks satanic help and this is the way the person is afflicted in a strange way which cannot be explained logically. All of this is against the laws of Islam.

The Hanbali’s say black magic is knots, speaking spells, writing and acts that effect a person’s heart, mind or body indirectly.

Ibn Qudama Al-Maqdisi (RA) said black magic is a set of knots, incantations and words uttered or written, carried out in such a way as to affect the body of the subject, his heart or mind without coming into contact with him/her. The reality of black magic is that there are types that can kill, sicken or thwart a man’s sexual intercourse with his wife. Other types can separate spouses and make them hate or love each other. (Al-Mughni)

Ibn Al-Qayyim (RA) said black magic is a combination of the effects of evil spirits and the reaction of natural forces. (Zaad Al Ma’ad)

Black Magic is an agreement between a sorcerer and a shaytaan which stipulates that a sorcerer fulfil the shaytaan’s requests by committing certain illegal or polytheistic acts in return for the shaytaan to assist and obey the sorcerers requests. Below are some examples of the conditions that a sorcerer must fulfil:

  • using the Qur’an as footwear to go to the toilet
  • writing some Qur’anic versus with filth
  • writing some Qur’anic versus with menus discharge
  • writing some Qur’anic versus under the sorcerer’s feet
  • anagrammatising (writing in reverse) the opening chapter (Al-Fatihah) of the Qur’an.
  • performing prayers without ablution
  • remaining in a state of Janaaba (major impurity)
  • sacrificing animals in the name of shaytaan and not in the name of Allah and placing the carcass at a location specified by the shaytaan.
  • prostrating to other than Allah (SWT), whether it is a human, jinn, planet, object etc
  • committing incest
  • writing incantations with that which constitutes disbelief

It is thus clear that the Jinn do not assist the sorcerer without something in return, and the greater the sorcerers disbelief, the faster and more obedient the shaytaan is to him/ her in executing the orders given.

Signs by which a magician may be known

  • He asks about one’s name and one’s mother’s name.
  • He demands the slaughter of an animal or bird whether it has specific characteristics or not. He could also ask for the blood to be smeared on the sick person or may not ask.
  • He tells the sick person to eat a certain kind of food or to drink a certain kind of drink for a specific period of time whilst keeping away from people in a darkened room during this period.
  • He gives the sick person paper to burn and scent himself with the smoke (like incense), or to hang the paper or bury it.
  • Drawing letters, numbers, hexagons or tearing up the words of Allah.
  • Uttering incomprehensible words or words in a language other than Arabic or a language known and understood by the people.

Signs of Magic

There are certain signs and symptoms that show in a person who has been bewitched. Signs and symptoms will be individual to the person and may not necessarily be obvious. This can be the case especially if they are close to Allah (SWT). The effects of sihr may not take control of them in the same way or to the same extent it might do to someone who is not particularly mindful of Allah, so therefore generally it will not be obvious to the untrained eye. The signs of sihr may be similar or identical to the signs of Ayn (Evil eye) or Hasad (Envy), and may even resemble the signs of a person possessed by a jinn, either physically or mentally. The way to differentiate between the different afflictions is through Ruqya.

The Evil Effects of Magic

Some scholars differ in their understanding of the existence of sihr and its capacity to have a real impact. They claim sihr has no real effect on a person and that it is all in the imagination. They deny all kinds of magic and believe that in reality it is all in the imagination and suggest that is the opposite of reality. Some claim that it only affects a person if it is made with poison or smoke etc and that it needs to come in contact with the person.

Different types of Magic

There are two types of Magic, they are:

  1. Through suggestion, illusionists, mediums, tricks, deception and the speed of the hand illusion.
  1. The use of evil spirits, sorcery, witchcraft, voodoo etc which all have an effect on man as a whole.

Magic can only have the capability to affect aspects of a person’s life by the will of Allah (SWT). Below are some examples of things that people perform magic to:

  • Upon a husband and wife to cause separation
  • To suppress a man’s desire for his wife and the wife’s desire for her husband
  • To cause miscarriage, blocking of the fallopian tubes, disabling the ovaries, fertility issues
  • Constant bleeding for a woman or the opposite wherein no menstrual cycle takes place
  • Causing a man to love a particular woman so he marries her or vice-versa
  • To encourage a person to fall into adultery and immorality whether the motive of the magician is for love, revenge or to destroy a person’s reputation
  • To separate families and destroy them
  • To torment a person with insomnia, loss of appetite, daydreaming, tightness in chest, sadness and depression, a feeling of pain the body etc
  • Using magic for murder by various methods, e.g. arson in the home. This can happen by the jinn carrying it out themselves in a physical form or by taking possession of a person
  • Magic can be used in robberies, extortion, deceptive scamming of a person in their home, theft of valuables, obtaining of money or bank details without a person’s will
  • Magic is used to affect businesses and trade, whether small or major corporations
  • Magic can be used to cause all types of sicknesses and illnesses even diseases that doctors themselves cannot define
  • Magic can be used in the kidnapping of people
  • To cause illusions i.e. tricks of the eyes so people cannot see what is really happening, as in the time of the Prophet Musa (peace be upon him)
  • Magic can be cast upon a piece of land wherein the intent is to destroy the land and stop any rain falling onto it
  • In a person’s character, habits, ethics and transactions
  • In harming animals or insects or using them during the magic process

Signs and symptoms of Magic during the day

  • A person complaining of being unable to interact with their spouse
  • feeling extreme hatred towards their spouse
  • sexual problems such as incompletion of sexual intercourse
  • Someone may find it difficult to marry although there would be no obvious indication as to why they cannot.
  • Inability to reconcile a marriage (a person’s family may also be affected by magic in this scenario)
  • Finding objects which magic are used upon in the home or car like a Taweez (within which you find a talsam i.e. patterns).
  • Beads
  • Strange shaped stones
  • Unusual dust or powder such as flour scattered inside or outside the home
  • Pins and needles that are poked into the furniture or around the home
  • Holes that have been cut out of peoples garments
  • Clothes that have been missing and then found again
  • Finding clothes that have been stained with the likes of blood
  • Finding strange scary objects and smells in the bathroom
  • Symbols carved inside or outside the home
  • Seeing water or liquid sprinkled outside the home by the doorway or over the doorstep
  • Broken eggs on the doorstep
  • Cats that have been slaughtered
  • Nails that have been nailed into the door
  • Being extremely volatile
  • Always changing plans
  • Anger occurring for small things
  • Crying for no reason
  • Staying away from deen
  • No focus in prayer
  • Abandoning the Qur’an
  • Tendency towards sin
  • Eyes appearing as if has been taking drugs
  • Vomiting or feeling the want to vomit
  • Blood pouring out of the mouth without a medical reason
  • Continuous bleeding for women
  • Repeated miscarriage
  • Divorce and re-marrying between a husband and wife for no reason
  • Receiving threats from close family members such as them not getting married, or getting a job or threats that they will separate you from your children, husband/wife and then find those threats come to pass.
  • Going to a magician and drinking their water or inhaling their bukhoor
  • Constant headaches and feeling pain in the stomach
  • Wanting to vomit when going to the sea, when wind is blowing or walking by graves

Signs and symptoms whilst sleeping during your treatment programme

  • Constant dreaming
  • Restless sleeping, frequent movement and strange noises as moaning and groaning or laughing and crying.
  • A vision of a magician i.e. witch doctor or an evil man or woman
  • Seeing the jinn threatening the patient to stop following the treatment.
  • To see in the dream that the magic ”sihr” has been renewed by means of drinking or eating and finding the taste of the substance of the drink or food when one wakes up.

Punishment under Islamic law

According to Imam Malik, a person who practises magic but does not have it done for material gain is similar to the person Allah describes in the following verse …and they learned that which harmed them and did not profit them, knowing well that whosoever buys it shall have no share in the world to come. (Al-Baqarah: 102). Imam Malik believed that the Punishment for practising sihr is the death sentence. (Al-Muwatta of Imam Maalik)

According to Ibn Qudamah, the punishment for practising sihr is also the death sentence. This view was also reported from Umar, Uthman ibn Affan, Ibn Umar, Hafsa, Jundub ibn Abdullah, Jundub ibn Ka’b, Qays ibn Sa’d and Umar ibn Abdel-Aziz. It was also the view of Abu Hanifah.

According to Al-Qurtubi, the scholars of jurisprudence disagreed as to the punishment of a Muslim who practises sihr and a dhimmi who likewise practises sihr. According to Malik, the Punishment for a Muslim person who uses sihr himself that contains words of disbelief is the death sentence. He must not be requested to repent as his repentance would not be accepted. This is because his sihr is something which he keeps secret, just like a disbeliever or an adulterer. This is also because Allah (SWT) defines sihr as disbelief. This is also the view of Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Abu Thawr, Ishaq and Ash-Shafi’. However Ash-Shafi’ held the view that a Saahir should not be sentenced to death simply for practicing sihr but rather he should be killed under the laws of Al-Qisas (retribution) if he has used sihr to claim a life.

According to ibn Al-Mundhir, the punishment for a person who admits to the use of sihr is the death punishment if he does not repent and the evidence against him shows that he has used words of disbelief. If he says that the sihr he has used did not contain words of disbelief, then he should not be sentenced to death. If the sihr he used harmed a person so seriously as to deserve the death punishment under the laws of Al-Qisas, then he must be sentenced to death if he uses this sihr with intent to harm. However, if the sihr used does not merit the death penalty then the penalty shall be blood money. (Tafseer Al-Qurtubi 2/48)

Ibn Katheer argued that according to the verse: “…yet had they believed and been Allah-fearing, a recompense from Allah would have been better, if they had but known (Al-Baqarah: 103), a saahir does not commit an act of disbelief when he uses sihr, a view which was held by Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal and a group of predecessors. However, the punishment for committing such an act is the death penalty according to a previous case reported by Ash-Shafi’ and Ahmad. Sufyan ibn Uyaynah quoted Amru ibn Dinar, “I heard Bajala ibn Abda say, “‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab (RAA) instructed in writing to kill every saahir and saahira, so we killed three.’” According to Ibn Katheer, this Hadith is transmitted by Al-Bukhari in his Sahih (Fath Al-Bari 6/257). Ibn Katheer stated: “The death penalty has another antecedent in the story of Umm ul-Mu’mineen Hafsa (RAA). One of her female servants performed sihr to her, so she ordered that the servant be killed and the killing was carried out. According to Imam Ahmad, three companions of the Prophet ﷺ confirmed that the punishment for a saahir is the death penalty. (Tafseer ibn Katheer)

Al-Hafidh ibn Hajar reported that according to Imam Malik, the punishment for practising sihr is similar to that applicable to a Zindeeq (a person who does not believe in the Hereafter or who openly declares his faith, but conceals his kufr). His repentance should not be accepted and he must be killed if it is confirmed that he is really a saahir. This is also the view of Imam Ahmad. According to Ash-Shafi’, a saahir should not be killed unless the sihr he has used had actually killed a person, in which case his killing must be counted as Qisas.

Prevention is better than cure

Prevention of magic could be done in a legitimate/ permissible way or in a forbidden way, which would constitute shirk. The same goes with the curing of magic. It could be done through a legitimate/ permissible method or by that which is forbidden in the religion. Therefore it is important to seek protection in Allah (SWT) daily from magic because of its great dangers and many complications to a person.

Discussing the topic of the different types of treatment of magic is a long discussion and a paragraph is not sufficient. Many methods have been narrated to us through our pious predecessors. However from the permissible methods which can be used to treat magic and its like are:

  • The correct faith. This is no doubt a help in the battle against magic and magicians
  • The 5 daily prayers and protecting them through offering additional recommended prayers. The next best after the 5 prayers is the night prayers
  • Reading the Qur’an and in specific surat Al-Baqarah every three days. This is a huge step towards the prevention of sihr by the will of Allah (SWT)
  • Morning & evening supplications and the other supplications such as before eating, before sleeping, leaving the home, entering the masjid etc
  • Eating seven Ajwa dates every morning
  • Taking precautions and being vigilant from those who practice sihr and who ask for it, and staying away from the books of sihr
  • Ruqya programs against sihr

Step by step guide for those afflicted through Magic by Abu Nadeer (Compiled on July 5th 2014)

Brothers and sisters that are afflicted with magic or have symptoms of magic, please dedicate at least 4-5 hours daily (more if you can) to the following Ruqya program for a duration of one month.

  • Recite Surat Al-Baqarah at least once daily (more for those able). For those of us that struggle with the recitation itself or with difficulty completing the recitation during one session, i advise listening to an audio recitation and putting your finger on the words of the Qur’an from a Mushaf following the recitation of the reciter.
  • Recite Surat Al-Falaq throughout the day (even while doing chores, shopping etc)
  • Recite the following frequently: “Sorcery, Allah will surely make it of no effect” (Yunus: 81) or Magic, surely Allah will destroy it.
  • Listen to the sihr ruqya audio on www.alruqya.co.uk
  • Listen to the ruqya audio on the alruqya.co.uk website that is specific to the problem of the sihr. For example if one is unable to have children, they should listen to the divorce ruqya audio, in addition to the sihr audio.
  • Keep in mind that in the beginning, you may not know where the sihr is and what type of Jinn possession you are afflicted with, however once you start your ruqya program alongside a lot of dua to Allah (SWT), things will become more apparent inshallah. During the course of the program one may be guided in a dream regarding the location of the sihr. If for example one sees mountains in their dreams, they should listen to the audio titled “Mountains” or if they find themselves swimming then they should listen to the audio titled “versus of the sea”, in addition to the sihr audio. If you see birds in your dream then you should listen to the audio titled “birds” alongside the sihr audio.

NOTE:

If one is afflicted with sihr without Jinn possession then the above noted program will suffice inshallah. However, if you are afflicted with sihr and Jinn possession then in addition to all the above, you should also listen to the following:

Harq (burning) audio

Tadmeer (destruction) audio

Versus related to the grave audio

Naseeha (advice) audio

Ayat al Kursi audio whilst sleeping - anywhere from 30 minutes to all night depending on the severity of their individual case.

See the Ruqya audio download page.

Similarities between Magic, Evil Eye and Envy

Evil Eye (Ayn)

Ayn or Evil Eye is something that is passed on which comes out from the soul of a person and not from the eyes, as some people believe. A person can give Ayn to himself/ herself, they can afflict those whom they dislike or even those whom they love. Unlike sihr, ayn is something that cannot be learnt or sought after rather ayn is something that people already have within themselves and its strength varies depending on different people.

Envy (Hasad)

Hasad is a drive that a person has which comes from within the soul by which they envy and hate someone who has been given a blessing from Allah (SWT). They desire that the blessing be removed from such a person and desire it for themselves. The results of such a disease often lead a person to speaking or acting in a malicious way. The similarities between ayn and hasad is that both can cause harm and afflict others without necessarily seeing the individual but simply upon hearing about them. However unlike ayn, you cannot afflict your self with hasad. Hasad is also something that can be controlled and a person can control it by suppressing it and sincerely asking Allah (SWT) to remove it from them.

Magic (Sihr)

One of the differences between sihr and ayn/hasad is that sihr is a type of knowledge that can be taught and learnt. Therefore in order to cause harm to an individual through sihr you must obtain this knowledge or go to somebody who has learnt this knowledge. Whereas with hasad, a person simply needs to have envy and hate towards an individual to harm them. Hence, sihr and hasad are separated by actions but are similar in the sense that both are evil in nature and both require intentions to cause harm. Whilst ayn requires no intention from the person because the person giving ayn doesn’t even realise that they are giving it.

Animals and their parts which are used during Black Magic

Cats (especially black cats, said to possess a magic bone, hair)

Dogs (especially black dogs or junkyard dogs, hair)

Cattle (horns, hair, tongue, or milk)

Rabbit (paw)

Badger (teeth or paws)

Raccoon (penis bone)

Cooter (river turtle) (Shell)

Possum (bones)

Frogs/Toads (said to possess a magic “stone” in their heads, or whole)

Snakes (skin shed, rattlesnake rattles, or whole)

Lizards (whole)

Alligators (feet and teeth)

Chickens (feathers, feet, eggs, and bones, or whole)

Birds in General (feathers)

Swallow (eye, heart)

Hummingbird (heart)

Dove (heart, blood)

Bat (eye, heart, blood, whole)

Ants (whole)

Wasps (whole)

Scorpions (whole)

Spiders (whole)

Snails (shell or whole)

Worms or Caterpillars (whole)

Centipedes (whole)

Crabs (claws and shells)

Wolf (hair, eye, heart)

Porcupine (quills)

Deer (antlers)